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Pedagogical approaches, contextual variables, and the development of student self-efficacy in undergraduate physics courses Documents

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Pedagogical approaches, contextual variables, and the development of student self-efficacy in undergraduate physics courses 

written by Heidi S. Fencl and Karen R. Scheel
sub author:

Self-efficacy, or a person's situation-specific belief that s/he can succeed in a given task, has been successful in a variety of educational studies for predicting behaviors such as perseverance and success (grades), and for understanding which behaviors are attempted or avoided. The focus of this study was to examine if classroom factors such as teaching strategies and classroom climate contribute to students' physics self-efficacy. 121 undergraduates in first semester, calculus-based introductory physics courses completed surveys assessing course experiences, self-efficacy and other outcome variables, and demographic information. Students in sections including a mix of teaching strategies did significantly better than students in the traditional section on outcome variables including self-efficacy. When individual strategies were examined, the strongest relationships were found between cooperative learning strategies and all sources of self-efficacy, and between climate variables and all sources of efficacy.

Published September 9, 2004
Last Modified July 7, 2013

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