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Exoplanet Detection: Radial Velocity Method Documents

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Main Document

Exoplanet Detection: The Radial Velocity Method 

written by Mario Belloni

The Exoplanet Detection: Radial Velocity Method model simulates the detection of exoplanets by using the radial velocity method and the Doppler effect. In this simulation the exoplanet orbits the star (sun-sized) in circular motion via Kepler's third law.  The radial velocity of the star is determined from the velocity of the exoplanet.  This velocity is then used to calculate the Doppler shift of the Fraunhofer lines of the star.  In practice it is the Doppler shift of the Fraunhofer lines of the star that are detected and from this the radial velocity is inferred.  From this the mass and orbital period and average exoplanet-star separation are determined.  In the simulation the star-exoplanet system is shown as seen from Earth (edge on view) and from space (overhead view), and with the star and exoplanet sizes not shown to the scale of the orbit.  In addition, the Fraunhofer lines are shown.  The radial velocites of stars are such that the Doppler shifts are small, to compensate you may snap to the Na line and use the right-hand side slider to zoom in on that line to see wavelength shift.  The mass of the exoplanet (relative to the mass of Jupiter), the average star-exoplant separation (in AU), and the inclination of the system relative to Earth can be changed.

The simulation uses either simple 3D or Java 3D (if installed) to render the view the star and exoplanet. If Java 3D is not installed, the simulation defaults to simple 3D using Java.

The Exoplanet Detection: Radial Velocity Method model was created using the Easy Java Simulations (EJS) modeling tool.  It is distributed as a ready-to-run (compiled) Java archive.  Double clicking the ejs_astronomy_exoplanet_doppler.jar file will run the program if Java is installed.

Last Modified July 10, 2013

This file has previous versions.

Source Code Documents

Exoplanet Detection: The Radial Velocity Method Source Code 

The source code zip archive contains an XML representation of the  Exoplanet Detection: The Radial Velocity Method Model.   Unzip this archive in your Ejs workspace to compile and run this model using Ejs.

Published June 29, 2010
Last Modified November 7, 2010

This file has previous versions.

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