image credit: NASA/Strategic Defense Initiative Organization; image source; larger image
NSSDC Photo Gallery Moon
Here the moon is illuminated by Earthshine, but this image was captured by the Clementine satellite, in orbit about the moon. Compare the pattern of the maria and craters in the From Physics Research and Physics in Your World images.
Do both of these images show the same side of the Moon? Also, how are the differences in the images consistent with the location of the camera that captured each one? Remember that Clementine was much closer to the moon surface than is Earth.
LCROSS Impact Data Indicates Water on Moon
You may recall last October when NASA, according to popular news media, "bombed the moon." In fact, scientists sent a rocket to impact the Moon's surface in order to produce a plume of debris. A spacecraft flew through the impact debris to collect data, which was sent to Earth for analysis. Check out the LCROSS Mission Overview website for more details and videos of the event.
After analyzing the impact materials using spectroscopy, scientists think they have detected water on the moon. For the full article, see LCROSS Impact Data Indicates Water on Moon.