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written by Dewey Dykstra and Dale R. Sweet
This cost-free article is a must-read for K-8 physical science teachers. Methods of physics education research were applied to find what kinds of changes in 4th, 6th, and 8th grade student understanding of motion can occur and at what age. Prior to and after instruction the students were asked to carefully describe several demonstrated accelerated motions. Most pre-instruction descriptions were of the direction of motion only. After instruction, many more of the students gave descriptions of the motion as continuously changing. Student responses to the diagnostic and to the activity materials revealed the presence of a third "snapshot" view of motion not discussed in the literature. The 4th and 6th grade students gave similar pre-instructional descriptions of the motion, but the 4th grade students did not exhibit the same degree of change in descriptions after instruction. Our findings suggest that students as early as 6th grade can develop changes in ideas about motion needed to construct Newtonian-like ideas about force.
Subjects Levels Resource Types
Classical Mechanics
- Motion in One Dimension
- Motion in Two Dimensions
Education Foundations
- Alternative Conceptions
- Cognition
= Cognition Development
Education Practices
- Pedagogy
= Instructional Issues
General Physics
- Physics Education Research
- Middle School
- Elementary School
- Reference Material
= Article
= Research study
Appropriate Courses Categories Ratings
- Physical Science
- Physics First
- Assessment
- New teachers
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© 2009 Dewey Dykstra, American Journal of Physics
Keywords:
PER, accelerated motion, constructivism, kinematics education, misconceptions, motion concepts, motion research, student concepts, understanding motion
Record Cloner:
Metadata instance created September 9, 2011 by Caroline Hall
Record Updated:
September 9, 2011 by Caroline Hall
Last Update
when Cataloged:
June 30, 2011

This resource is part of 2 Physics Front Topical Units.


Topic: Kinematics: The Physics of Motion
Unit Title: Motion in One Dimension

A must-read for teachers of K-8 science and 9th grade physical science. A physics education researcher studied groups of students in grades 4, 6, and 8. The research took a deep look at how students at these grade levels distinguish between speed and changing speed. The findings will help teachers in constructing effective lessons. Editor's Note: Why is this Important? Research reveals that children in elementary school form and maintain conceptions about the physical world that remain deeply entrenched into adulthood. Inaccurate conceptions can be very difficult to reverse.

Link to Unit:

Topic: Kinematics: The Physics of Motion
Unit Title: Velocity and Acceleration

A must-read for teachers of K-8 science and 9th grade physical science. A physics education researcher studied groups of students in grades 4, 6, and 8. The research took a deep look at how students at these grade levels distinguish between speed and changing speed. The findings will help teachers in constructing effective lessons. Editor's Note: Why is this important? Research reveals that children in elementary school form and maintain conceptions about the physical world that remain deeply entrenched into adulthood. Inaccurate conceptions can be very difficult to reverse.

Link to Unit:
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AIP Format
D. Dykstra and D. Sweet, (2009), WWW Document, (http://scholarworks.boisestate.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1009&context=physics_facpubs).
AJP/PRST-PER
D. Dykstra and D. Sweet, Conceptual Development About Motion and Force in Elementary and Middle School Students (2009), <http://scholarworks.boisestate.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1009&context=physics_facpubs>.
APA Format
Dykstra, D., & Sweet, D. (2011, June 30). Conceptual Development About Motion and Force in Elementary and Middle School Students. Retrieved September 15, 2014, from http://scholarworks.boisestate.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1009&context=physics_facpubs
Chicago Format
Dykstra, Dewey, and Dale Sweet. Conceptual Development About Motion and Force in Elementary and Middle School Students. June 30, 2011. http://scholarworks.boisestate.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1009&context=physics_facpubs (accessed 15 September 2014).
MLA Format
Dykstra, Dewey, and Dale Sweet. Conceptual Development About Motion and Force in Elementary and Middle School Students. 2009. 30 June 2011. 15 Sep. 2014 <http://scholarworks.boisestate.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1009&context=physics_facpubs>.
BibTeX Export Format
@misc{ Author = "Dewey Dykstra and Dale Sweet", Title = {Conceptual Development About Motion and Force in Elementary and Middle School Students}, Volume = {2014}, Number = {15 September 2014}, Month = {June 30, 2011}, Year = {2009} }
Refer Export Format

%A Dewey Dykstra
%A Dale Sweet
%T Conceptual Development About Motion and Force in Elementary and Middle School Students
%D June 30, 2011
%U http://scholarworks.boisestate.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1009&context=physics_facpubs
%O application/pdf

EndNote Export Format

%0 Electronic Source
%A Dykstra, Dewey
%A Sweet, Dale
%D June 30, 2011
%T Conceptual Development About Motion and Force in Elementary and Middle School Students
%V 2014
%N 15 September 2014
%8 June 30, 2011
%9 application/pdf
%U http://scholarworks.boisestate.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1009&context=physics_facpubs


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