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published by the American Chemical Society
written by Patti Galvan and Jim Kessler
This two-hour multimedia lesson explores models for understanding the basic pattern of the arrangement of electrons on energy levels around an atom. Focusing on the first 20 elements, the lesson opens with an animated model of energy levels in an oxygen atom. Next, download and print "Element Game Cards", a cooperative activity where learners place a card with its correct atom and practice with Lewis dot diagrams. The second day begins with guided instruction to find patterns in rows/columns of the first 20 elements. It concludes with four videos of different chemical reactions in which learners relate the reactions to location of elements on the periodic table.

Editor's Note: The authors designed this curriculum to help students understand basic chemistry within a framework of molecular interactions. Each section contains standards-based lessons, hands-on activities, assessments with answer keys, background information for teachers, and student reading.

Please note that this resource requires Flash.
Subjects Levels Resource Types
Modern Physics
- Atomic Physics
= Atomic Models
= Electron Properties
Other Sciences
- Chemistry
- Middle School
- Informal Education
- Instructional Material
= Curriculum
= Instructor Guide/Manual
= Interactive Simulation
= Lesson/Lesson Plan
= Model
= Problem/Problem Set
= Student Guide
- Audio/Visual
= Movie/Animation
Appropriate Courses Categories Ratings
- Physical Science
- Physics First
- Lesson Plan
- Activity
- Laboratory
- Assessment
- New teachers
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© 2011 American Chemical Society
Keywords:
atomic structure, chemical bonding, chemical reactions, chemistry animations, chemistry videos, electron sharing, energy levels, orbital model, periodic table
Record Cloner:
Metadata instance created August 17, 2011 by Caroline Hall
Record Updated:
October 9, 2012 by Caroline Hall
Last Update
when Cataloged:
May 17, 2011

AAAS Benchmark Alignments (2008 Version)

4. The Physical Setting

4D. The Structure of Matter
  • 6-8: 4D/M1a. All matter is made up of atoms, which are far too small to see directly through a microscope.
  • 6-8: 4D/M1b. The atoms of any element are like other atoms of the same element, but are different from the atoms of other elements.
  • 6-8: 4D/M5. Chemical elements are those substances that do not break down during normal laboratory reactions involving such treatments as heating, exposure to electric current, or reaction with acids. All substances from living and nonliving things can be broken down to a set of about 100 elements, but since most elements tend to combine with others, few elements are found in their pure form.
  • 6-8: 4D/M6a. There are groups of elements that have similar properties, including highly reactive metals, less-reactive metals, highly reactive nonmetals (such as chlorine, fluorine, and oxygen), and some almost completely nonreactive gases (such as helium and neon).
  • 6-8: 4D/M11. Substances react chemically in characteristic ways with other substances to form new substances with different characteristic properties.
  • 6-8: 4D/M13. The idea of atoms explains chemical reactions: When substances interact to form new substances, the atoms that make up the molecules of the original substances combine in new ways.

11. Common Themes

11B. Models
  • 6-8: 11B/M1. Models are often used to think about processes that happen too slowly, too quickly, or on too small a scale to observe directly. They are also used for processes that are too vast, too complex, or too dangerous to study.
11D. Scale
  • 6-8: 11D/M3. Natural phenomena often involve sizes, durations, and speeds that are extremely small or extremely large. These phenomena may be difficult to appreciate because they involve magnitudes far outside human experience.

This resource is part of 2 Physics Front Topical Units.


Topic: Particles and Interactions and the Standard Model
Unit Title: The Standard Model

This multimedia lesson explores models for understanding the arrangement of electrons on energy levels around an atom. It opens with an animated model of energy levels in an oxygen atom. Next, download and print "Element Game Cards", a cooperative activity where learners place a card with its correct atom and practice with Lewis dot diagrams. Day 2 features guided instruction for finding patterns in rows/columns of the first 20 elements. The lesson concludes with 4 related videos.

Link to Unit:

Topic: Particles and Interactions and the Standard Model
Unit Title: Elements and the Periodic Table

This multimedia lesson explores models for understanding the arrangement of electrons on energy levels around an atom. It opens with an animated model of energy levels in an oxygen atom. Next, download and print "Element Game Cards", a cooperative activity where learners place a card with its correct atom and practice with Lewis dot diagrams. Day 2 features guided instruction for finding patterns in rows/columns of the first 20 elements. The lesson concludes with 4 related videos.

Link to Unit:
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Record Link
AIP Format
P. Galvan and J. Kessler, (American Chemical Society, Washington DC, 2011), WWW Document, (http://www.middleschoolchemistry.com/lessonplans/chapter4/lesson3).
AJP/PRST-PER
P. Galvan and J. Kessler, Middle School Chemistry: The Periodic Table and Energy-Level Models (American Chemical Society, Washington DC, 2011), <http://www.middleschoolchemistry.com/lessonplans/chapter4/lesson3>.
APA Format
Galvan, P., & Kessler, J. (2011, May 17). Middle School Chemistry: The Periodic Table and Energy-Level Models. Retrieved July 22, 2014, from American Chemical Society: http://www.middleschoolchemistry.com/lessonplans/chapter4/lesson3
Chicago Format
Galvan, Patti, and Jim Kessler. Middle School Chemistry: The Periodic Table and Energy-Level Models. Washington DC: American Chemical Society, May 17, 2011. http://www.middleschoolchemistry.com/lessonplans/chapter4/lesson3 (accessed 22 July 2014).
MLA Format
Galvan, Patti, and Jim Kessler. Middle School Chemistry: The Periodic Table and Energy-Level Models. Washington DC: American Chemical Society, 2011. 17 May 2011. 22 July 2014 <http://www.middleschoolchemistry.com/lessonplans/chapter4/lesson3>.
BibTeX Export Format
@misc{ Author = "Patti Galvan and Jim Kessler", Title = {Middle School Chemistry: The Periodic Table and Energy-Level Models}, Publisher = {American Chemical Society}, Volume = {2014}, Number = {22 July 2014}, Month = {May 17, 2011}, Year = {2011} }
Refer Export Format

%A Patti Galvan
%A Jim Kessler
%T Middle School Chemistry: The Periodic Table and Energy-Level Models
%D May 17, 2011
%I American Chemical Society
%C Washington DC
%U http://www.middleschoolchemistry.com/lessonplans/chapter4/lesson3
%O text/html

EndNote Export Format

%0 Electronic Source
%A Galvan, Patti
%A Kessler, Jim
%D May 17, 2011
%T Middle School Chemistry: The Periodic Table and Energy-Level Models
%I American Chemical Society
%V 2014
%N 22 July 2014
%8 May 17, 2011
%9 text/html
%U http://www.middleschoolchemistry.com/lessonplans/chapter4/lesson3


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