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written by David Schuster and Adriana Undreiu
We have investigated and analyzed the cognition of an expert tackling a qualitative conceptual physics problem of an unfamiliar type. Our goal was to elucidate the detailed cognitive processes and knowledge elements involved, irrespective of final solution form, and consider implications for instruction. The basic but non-trivial problem was to find qualitatively the direction of acceleration of a pendulum bob at various stages of its motion, a problem originally studied by Reif and Allen. Methodology included interviews, introspection, retrospection and self-reported metacognition. Multiple facets of cognition were revealed, with different reasoning strategies used at different stages and for different points on the path. An account is given of the zigzag thinking paths and interplay of reasoning modes and schema elements involved. We interpret the cognitive processes in terms of theoretical concepts that emerged, namely: case-based, principle-based, experientialintuitive and practical-heuristic reasoning; knowledge elements and schemata; activation; metacognition and epistemic framing. The complexity of cognition revealed in this case study contrasts with the tidy principle-based solutions we present to students. The pervasive role of schemata, case-based reasoning, practical heuristic strategies, and their interplay with physics principles is noteworthy, since these aspects of cognition are generally neither recognized nor taught. The schema/reasoning-mode perspective has direct application in science teaching, learning and problem-solving.
Physics Education Research Conference 2009
Part of the PER Conference series
Ann Arbor, Michigan: July 29-30, 2009
Volume 1179, Pages 265-268
Subjects ADS Supplements Resource Types
Classical Mechanics
- Motion in Two Dimensions
= 2D Acceleration
Education - Applied Research
- Active Learning
= Problem Solving
Education - Basic Research
- Cognition
- Reference Material
= Research study
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Formats:
application/pdf
non-digital
Mirror:
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3266732
Access Rights:
Free access and
Available for purchase
A preprint of the work is available. A hard copy of the PERC 2009 proceedings is also available.
Restriction:
© 2009 American Institute of Physics
DOI:
10.1063/1.3266732
PACSs:
01.40.Fk
01.40.Ha
01.40.gb
01.40.–d
45.50.Dd
Keywords:
PERC 2009, mechanics, problem solving, reasoning, schema
Record Cloner:
Metadata instance created October 12, 2009 by Alea Smith
Record Updated:
July 16, 2010 by Lyle Barbato
Last Update
when Cataloged:
November 11, 2009
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Record Link
AIP Format
D. Schuster and A. Undreiu, presented at the Physics Education Research Conference 2009, Ann Arbor, Michigan, 2009, WWW Document, (http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=9499&DocID=1376).
AJP/PRST-PER
D. Schuster and A. Undreiu, Cognition of an expert tackling an unfamiliar conceptual physics problem presented at the Physics Education Research Conference 2009, Ann Arbor, Michigan, 2009, <http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=9499&DocID=1376>.
APA Format
Schuster, D., & Undreiu, A. (2009, July 29-30). Cognition of an expert tackling an unfamiliar conceptual physics problem. Paper presented at Physics Education Research Conference 2009, Ann Arbor, Michigan. Retrieved August 30, 2014, from http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=9499&DocID=1376
Chicago Format
Schuster, David, and Adriana Undreiu. "Cognition of an expert tackling an unfamiliar conceptual physics problem." Paper presented at the Physics Education Research Conference 2009, Ann Arbor, Michigan, July 29-30, 2009. http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=9499&DocID=1376 (accessed 30 August 2014).
MLA Format
Schuster, David, and Adriana Undreiu. "Cognition of an expert tackling an unfamiliar conceptual physics problem." Physics Education Research Conference 2009. Ann Arbor, Michigan: 2009. 265-268 Vol. 1179 of PER Conference. 30 Aug. 2014 <http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=9499&DocID=1376>.
BibTeX Export Format
@inproceedings{ Author = "David Schuster and Adriana Undreiu", Title = {Cognition of an expert tackling an unfamiliar conceptual physics problem}, BookTitle = {Physics Education Research Conference 2009}, Pages = {265-268}, Address = {Ann Arbor, Michigan}, Series = {PER Conference}, Volume = {1179}, Month = {July 29-30}, Year = {2009} }
Refer Export Format

%A David Schuster
%A Adriana Undreiu
%T Cognition of an expert tackling an unfamiliar conceptual physics problem
%S PER Conference
%V 1179
%D July 29-30 2009
%P 265-268
%C Ann Arbor, Michigan
%U http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=9499&DocID=1376
%O Physics Education Research Conference 2009
%O July 29-30
%O application/pdf

EndNote Export Format

%0 Conference Proceedings
%A Schuster, David
%A Undreiu, Adriana
%D July 29-30 2009
%T Cognition of an expert tackling an unfamiliar conceptual physics problem
%B Physics Education Research Conference 2009
%C Ann Arbor, Michigan
%V 1179
%P 265-268
%S PER Conference
%8 July 29-30
%U http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=9499&DocID=1376


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