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written by Leslie J. Atkins
Over the past decades, education researchers have shifted their understanding of science from "a rhetoric of conclusions" – that is, a fixed canon of content – to a social process of knowledge construction.  While much of the research has investigated individual learners as they engage with scientific ideas, experiments, and methods, increasingly researchers are turning to the social processes of science as it is constructed in a community, with particular interest in scientific argumentation.  This emphasis on argument recasts the role of evidence and data in scientific classrooms: rather than being used to demonstrate the scientific canon or even to guide students to construct correct scientific principles, it is the grounds on which claims – generated by students in the process of argumentation – are warranted.  In this paper, I explore a transcript of scientific discourse, exploring the rules by which participants in the discourse endorse or reject scientific claims.  I appeal for a more nuanced understanding of evidence as one of many criteria by which scientific claims are evaluated, and that evidence, at times, is incommensurable with other, possibly more scientific, criteria for evaluating claims.  This view of argumentation, and the peculiar discourse games associated with argumentation, is particularly relevant for understanding difficulties that diverse student populations may face.
Physics Education Research Conference 2008
Part of the PER Conference series
Edmonton, Canada: July 23-24, 2008
Volume 1064, Pages 63-66
Subjects ADS Supplements Resource Types
Education - Basic Research
- Communication
- Societal Issues
= Cultural Issues
- Reference Material
= Research study
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Format:
application/pdf
Mirror:
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3021274
Access Rights:
Free access and
Available for purchase
Restriction:
© 2008 American Institute of Physics
A hard copy of the PERC 2008 proceedings is available for purchase from the AIP.
DOI:
10.1063/1.3021274
PACS:
01.40.Ha 01.40.Fk 01.50.H- 01.50.ht 01.40.gb
Keywords:
PERC 2008, Role of Evidence, Scientific Argumentation, Scientific Discourse, educational courses, educational technology, learning (artificial intelligence), research and development management, scientific information systems
Record Cloner:
Metadata instance created September 9, 2008 by Jenny Rempel
Record Updated:
July 16, 2013 by Lyle Barbato
Last Update
when Cataloged:
October 20, 2008
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Record Link
AIP Format
L. Atkins, presented at the Physics Education Research Conference 2008, Edmonton, Canada, 2008, WWW Document, (http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=7991&DocID=706).
AJP/PRST-PER
L. Atkins, The Roles of Evidence in Scientific Argument, presented at the Physics Education Research Conference 2008, Edmonton, Canada, 2008, <http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=7991&DocID=706>.
APA Format
Atkins, L. (2008, July 23-24). The Roles of Evidence in Scientific Argument. Paper presented at Physics Education Research Conference 2008, Edmonton, Canada. Retrieved October 1, 2014, from http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=7991&DocID=706
Chicago Format
Atkins, Leslie. "The Roles of Evidence in Scientific Argument." Paper presented at the Physics Education Research Conference 2008, Edmonton, Canada, July 23-24, 2008. http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=7991&DocID=706 (accessed 1 October 2014).
MLA Format
Atkins, Leslie. "The Roles of Evidence in Scientific Argument." Physics Education Research Conference 2008. Edmonton, Canada: 2008. 63-66 Vol. 1064 of PER Conference. 1 Oct. 2014 <http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=7991&DocID=706>.
BibTeX Export Format
@inproceedings{ Author = "Leslie Atkins", Title = {The Roles of Evidence in Scientific Argument}, BookTitle = {Physics Education Research Conference 2008}, Pages = {63-66}, Address = {Edmonton, Canada}, Series = {PER Conference}, Volume = {1064}, Month = {July 23-24}, Year = {2008} }
Refer Export Format

%A Leslie Atkins
%T The Roles of Evidence in Scientific Argument
%S PER Conference
%V 1064
%D July 23-24 2008
%P 63-66
%C Edmonton, Canada
%U http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=7991&DocID=706
%O Physics Education Research Conference 2008
%O July 23-24
%O application/pdf

EndNote Export Format

%0 Conference Proceedings
%A Atkins, Leslie
%D July 23-24 2008
%T The Roles of Evidence in Scientific Argument
%B Physics Education Research Conference 2008
%C Edmonton, Canada
%V 1064
%P 63-66
%S PER Conference
%8 July 23-24
%U http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=7991&DocID=706


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