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Physical Review Special Topics - Physics Education Research
written by Patrick B. Kohl and Noah D. Finkelstein
It is generally believed that students should use multiple representations in solving certain physics problems, and earlier work in PER has begun to outline how experts and novices differ in their use of multiple representations. In this study, we build on this foundation by interviewing expert and novice physicists as they solve two types of multiple representation problems: those in which multiple representations are provided for them and those in which the students must construct their own representations. We analyze in detail the types of representations subjects use and the order and manner in which they are used. Expert and novice representation use is surprisingly similar in some ways, especially in that both experts and novices make significant use of multiple representations. Some significant differences also emerge. Experts are more flexible in terms of starting point and move between the available representations more quickly, and novices tend to move between more representations in total. In addition, we find that an examination of how often and when multiple representations are used is inadequate to fully characterize a problem-solving episode; one must also consider the purpose behind the use of the available representations. This analysis of how experts and novices use representations sharpens the differences between the two groups, demonstrates analysis techniques that may be useful in future work, and suggests possible paths for instruction.
Subjects ADS Supplements Resource Types
Education - Basic Research
- Learning Theory
= Representations
- Problem Solving
= Expert-Novice Comparisons
= Representational Use
- Reference Material
= Research study
PER-Central Type Intended Users Ratings
- PER Literature
- Researchers
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Access Rights:
Limited free access
Personal use only, all commercial or other reuse prohibited
Restriction:
© 2008 The American Physical Society
DOI:
10.1103/PhysRevSTPER.4.010111
ISSN Number:
1554-9178
Keywords:
expert-novice comparisons, multiple representations, problem solving
Record Creator:
Metadata instance created July 4, 2008 by Lyle Barbato
Record Updated:
June 15, 2011 by Lyle Barbato
Last Update
when Cataloged:
June 9, 2008
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Record Link
AIP Format
P. Kohl and N. Finkelstein, Phys. Rev. ST Phys. Educ. Res. 4 (1), 010111 (2008), WWW Document, (http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevSTPER.4.010111).
AJP/PRST-PER
P. Kohl and N. Finkelstein, Patterns of multiple representation use by experts and novices during physics problem solving Phys. Rev. ST Phys. Educ. Res. 4 (1), 010111 (2008), <http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevSTPER.4.010111>.
APA Format
Kohl, P., & Finkelstein, N. (2008, June 9). Patterns of multiple representation use by experts and novices during physics problem solving. Phys. Rev. ST Phys. Educ. Res., 4(1), 010111. Retrieved July 28, 2014, from http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevSTPER.4.010111
Chicago Format
Kohl, Patrick B., and Noah Finkelstein. "Patterns of multiple representation use by experts and novices during physics problem solving." Phys. Rev. ST Phys. Educ. Res. 4, no. 1, (June 9, 2008): 010111, http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevSTPER.4.010111 (accessed 28 July 2014).
MLA Format
Kohl, Patrick B., and Noah Finkelstein. "Patterns of multiple representation use by experts and novices during physics problem solving." Phys. Rev. ST Phys. Educ. Res. 4.1 (2008): 010111. 28 July 2014 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevSTPER.4.010111>.
BibTeX Export Format
@article{ Author = "Patrick B. Kohl and Noah Finkelstein", Title = {Patterns of multiple representation use by experts and novices during physics problem solving}, Journal = {Phys. Rev. ST Phys. Educ. Res.}, Volume = {4}, Number = {1}, Pages = {010111}, Month = {June}, Year = {2008} }
Refer Export Format

%A Patrick B. Kohl
%A Noah Finkelstein
%T Patterns of multiple representation use by experts and novices during physics problem solving
%J Phys. Rev. ST Phys. Educ. Res.
%V 4
%N 1
%D June 9, 2008
%P 010111
%U http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevSTPER.4.010111
%O application/pdf

EndNote Export Format

%0 Journal Article
%A Kohl, Patrick B.
%A Finkelstein, Noah
%D June 9, 2008
%T Patterns of multiple representation use by experts and novices during physics problem solving
%J Phys. Rev. ST Phys. Educ. Res.
%V 4
%N 1
%P 010111
%8 June 9, 2008
%@ 1554-9178
%U http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevSTPER.4.010111


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