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International Journal of Science Education
written by Jongwon Park and Sooja Han
Deductive reasoning is a basic logic form used in scientific explanations and predictions. In dynamics, the process of finding the direction of force acting on a moving object, from the change of its motion, can be structured as a syllogism that is an elementary model of deduction. In this study, the syllogistic form of a scientific explanation task was used to help middle school students change their prior conceptions about force and motion. However, because the conclusion drawn from a syllogistic explanation task contradicted students' prior ideas, many rejected the conclusion or reached another conclusion without using deductive reasoning. From the preliminary interview using the syllogistic explanation task with eight students, we found four factors preventing students' use of deductive reasoning. In the main interview designed to remove these obstacles, it was observed that 26 of the 27 students could find the direction of force correctly by using deduction. Finally, implications for classroom teaching are discussed.
International Journal of Science Education: Volume 24, Issue 6, Pages 593-609
Subjects Levels Resource Types
Education - Applied Research
- Pedagogy
Education - Basic Research
- Alternative Conceptions
- Cognition
General Physics
- Physics Education Research
- Middle School
- High School
- Informal Education
- Instructional Material
= Instructor Guide/Manual
- Reference Material
= Research study
PER-Central Type Intended Users Ratings
- PER Literature
- Educators
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© 2002 Taylor & Francis Group
Additional information is available.
DOI:
10.1080/09500690110074026
Keywords:
Concept Formation, Conceptual Change, Deduction, Educational Strategies, Elementary Education, Force, Middle Schools, Motion, Physics, Science Education, Thinking Skills
Record Creator:
Metadata instance created July 13, 2005 by Lyle Barbato
Record Updated:
November 23, 2005 by Vince Kuo
Last Update
when Cataloged:
June 1, 2002
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Record Link
AIP Format
J. Park and S. Han, Int. J. Sci. Educ. 24 (6), 593 (2002), WWW Document, (http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09500690110074026).
AJP/PRST-PER
J. Park and S. Han, Using deductive reasoning to promote the change of students' conceptions about force and motion Int. J. Sci. Educ. 24 (6), 593 (2002), <http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09500690110074026>.
APA Format
Park, J., & Han, S. (2002, June 1). Using deductive reasoning to promote the change of students' conceptions about force and motion. Int. J. Sci. Educ., 24(6), 593-609. Retrieved September 2, 2014, from http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09500690110074026
Chicago Format
Park, Jongwon, and Sooja Han. "Using deductive reasoning to promote the change of students' conceptions about force and motion." Int. J. Sci. Educ. 24, no. 6, (June 1, 2002): 593-609, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09500690110074026 (accessed 2 September 2014).
MLA Format
Park, Jongwon, and Sooja Han. "Using deductive reasoning to promote the change of students' conceptions about force and motion." Int. J. Sci. Educ. 24.6 (2002): 593-609. 2 Sep. 2014 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09500690110074026>.
BibTeX Export Format
@article{ Author = "Jongwon Park and Sooja Han", Title = {Using deductive reasoning to promote the change of students' conceptions about force and motion}, Journal = {Int. J. Sci. Educ.}, Volume = {24}, Number = {6}, Pages = {593-609}, Month = {June}, Year = {2002} }
Refer Export Format

%A Jongwon Park
%A Sooja Han
%T Using deductive reasoning to promote the change of students' conceptions about force and motion
%J Int. J. Sci. Educ.
%V 24
%N 6
%D June 1, 2002
%P 593-609
%U http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09500690110074026
%O text/html

EndNote Export Format

%0 Journal Article
%A Park, Jongwon
%A Han, Sooja
%D June 1, 2002
%T Using deductive reasoning to promote the change of students' conceptions about force and motion
%J Int. J. Sci. Educ.
%V 24
%N 6
%P 593-609
%8 June 1, 2002
%U http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09500690110074026


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