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written by Adrian M. Madsen, Amy Rouinfar, Adam M. Larson, Lester C. Loschky, and N. Sanjay Rebello
Several reasons have been proposed to explain students' incorrect answers to conceptual physics problems. Heckler proposed with a perceptual basis: plausible and salient "eye catching" features in a problem capture students' attention. Once students attend to these perceptually salient features, less salient albeit thematically relevant features are not considered and students answer the problem incorrectly based on the salient features. To test this hypothesis we recorded eye movements of introductory physics students on 15 conceptual problems with diagrams. Each diagram contained areas consistent with documented novice-like answers and other areas consistent with the scientifically correct answer. We manipulated the luminance contrast of the diagrams to produce three versions of each diagram, which differed by the area with the highest level of perceptual salience. We found no effect of the salience on the correctness of students' answers. We also discuss how the salience manipulations influence eye movements.
Physics Education Research Conference 2012
Part of the PER Conference series
Philadelphia, PA: August 1-2, 2012
Volume 1513, Pages 274-277
Subjects Levels Resource Types
Education - Basic Research
- Assessment
- Behavior
- Problem Solving
- Lower Undergraduate
- Reference Material
= Research study
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Formats:
application/pdf
non-digital
Mirror:
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4789705
Access Rights:
Free access and
Available for purchase
A preprint of the work is available. A hard copy of the PERC 2012 proceedings is available for purchase from the AIP.
Restriction:
© 2012 American Institute of Physics
DOI:
10.1063/1.4789705
PACS:
01.40.Fk
Keywords:
PERC 2012, eye movements, perceptual salience, problem solving, visual attention
Record Cloner:
Metadata instance created June 27, 2013 by Zachary Davis
Record Updated:
December 17, 2013 by Lyle Barbato
Last Update
when Cataloged:
January 24, 2013
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Record Link
AIP Format
A. Madsen, A. Rouinfar, A. Larson, L. Loschky, and N. Rebello, presented at the Physics Education Research Conference 2012, Philadelphia, PA, 2012, WWW Document, (http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=12832&DocID=3365).
AJP/PRST-PER
A. Madsen, A. Rouinfar, A. Larson, L. Loschky, and N. Rebello, Do perceptually salient elements in physics problems influence students' eye movements and answer choices?, presented at the Physics Education Research Conference 2012, Philadelphia, PA, 2012, <http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=12832&DocID=3365>.
APA Format
Madsen, A., Rouinfar, A., Larson, A., Loschky, L., & Rebello, N. (2012, August 1-2). Do perceptually salient elements in physics problems influence students' eye movements and answer choices?. Paper presented at Physics Education Research Conference 2012, Philadelphia, PA. Retrieved October 25, 2014, from http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=12832&DocID=3365
Chicago Format
Madsen, A, A. Rouinfar, A. Larson, L. Loschky, and N. Rebello. "Do perceptually salient elements in physics problems influence students' eye movements and answer choices?." Paper presented at the Physics Education Research Conference 2012, Philadelphia, PA, August 1-2, 2012. http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=12832&DocID=3365 (accessed 25 October 2014).
MLA Format
Madsen, Adrian, Amy Rouinfar, Adam Larson, Lester Loschky, and N. Sanjay Rebello. "Do perceptually salient elements in physics problems influence students' eye movements and answer choices?." Physics Education Research Conference 2012. Philadelphia, PA: 2012. 274-277 Vol. 1513 of PER Conference. 25 Oct. 2014 <http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=12832&DocID=3365>.
BibTeX Export Format
@inproceedings{ Author = "Adrian Madsen and Amy Rouinfar and Adam Larson and Lester Loschky and N. Sanjay Rebello", Title = {Do perceptually salient elements in physics problems influence students' eye movements and answer choices?}, BookTitle = {Physics Education Research Conference 2012}, Pages = {274-277}, Address = {Philadelphia, PA}, Series = {PER Conference}, Volume = {1513}, Month = {August 1-2}, Year = {2012} }
Refer Export Format

%A Adrian Madsen
%A Amy Rouinfar
%A Adam Larson
%A Lester Loschky
%A N. Sanjay Rebello
%T Do perceptually salient elements in physics problems influence students' eye movements and answer choices?
%S PER Conference
%V 1513
%D August 1-2 2012
%P 274-277
%C Philadelphia, PA
%U http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=12832&DocID=3365
%O Physics Education Research Conference 2012
%O August 1-2
%O application/pdf

EndNote Export Format

%0 Conference Proceedings
%A Madsen, Adrian
%A Rouinfar, Amy
%A Larson, Adam
%A Loschky, Lester
%A Rebello, N. Sanjay
%D August 1-2 2012
%T Do perceptually salient elements in physics problems influence students' eye movements and answer choices?
%B Physics Education Research Conference 2012
%C Philadelphia, PA
%V 1513
%P 274-277
%S PER Conference
%8 August 1-2
%U http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=12832&DocID=3365


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