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Physical Review Special Topics - Physics Education Research
written by Eric Brewe, Vashti Sawtelle, Laird H. Kramer, George O'Brien, Idaykis Rodriguez, and Priscilla Pamelá
We report the results of a five year evaluation of the reform of introductory calculus-based physics by implementation of Modeling Instruction (MI) at Florida International University (FIU). Our analysis of MI from a "participationist" perspective on learning identifies aspects of MI including conceptually based instruction, culturally sensitive instruction, and cooperative group learning, which are consistent with research on supporting equitable learning and participation by students historically under-represented in physics. This study uses markers of conceptual understanding as measured by the Force Concept Inventory (FCI) and odds of success as measured by the ratio of students completing introductory physics and earning a passing grade by students historically under-represented in physics. FCI pre and post scores for students in MI are compared with lecture-format taught students. Modeling Instruction students outperform students taught in lecture-format classes on post instruction FCI (61.9% vs 47.9%, p<0.001), where these benefits are seen across both ethnic and gender comparisons. In addition, we report that the odds of success in MI are 6.73 times greater than in lecture instruction. Both odds of success and FCI scores within Modeling Instruction are further disaggregated by ethnicity and by gender to address the question of equity within the treatment. Results of this disaggregation indicate that although ethnically under-represented students enter with lower overall conceptual understanding scores, the gap is maintained, but not widened, during introductory physics, and the odds of success for under-represented students is not different from majority students. Women, similarly enter with scores indicating lower conceptual understanding, and over the course of MI this understanding gap increases, yet we do not find differences in the odds of success between men and women.
Subjects ADS Supplements Resource Types
Education - Applied Research
- Active Learning
= Modeling
Education - Basic Research
- Achievement
- Sample Population
= Gender: Female
General Physics
- Physics Education Research
- Reference Material
= Research study
PER-Central Type Intended Users Ratings
- PER Literature
- Researchers
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© 2010 American Physical Society
DOI:
10.1103/PhysRevSTPER.6.010106
PACSs:
01.40.Fk
01.40.G-
01.40.Ha
Keywords:
FCI, Gender, Modeling Instruction, Reform Evaluation, Under-Represented Population
Record Creator:
Metadata instance created May 29, 2010 by Lyle Barbato
Record Updated:
June 29, 2010 by Vince Kuo
Last Update
when Cataloged:
May 20, 2010
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AIP Format
E. Brewe, V. Sawtelle, L. Kramer, G. O'Brien, I. Rodriguez, and P. Pamelá, Phys. Rev. ST Phys. Educ. Res. 6 (1), 010106 (2010), WWW Document, (http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevSTPER.6.010106).
AJP/PRST-PER
E. Brewe, V. Sawtelle, L. Kramer, G. O'Brien, I. Rodriguez, and P. Pamelá, Toward equity through participation in Modeling Instruction in introductory university physics Phys. Rev. ST Phys. Educ. Res. 6 (1), 010106 (2010), <http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevSTPER.6.010106>.
APA Format
Brewe, E., Sawtelle, V., Kramer, L., O'Brien, G., Rodriguez, I., & Pamelá, P. (2010, May 20). Toward equity through participation in Modeling Instruction in introductory university physics. Phys. Rev. ST Phys. Educ. Res., 6(1), 010106. Retrieved September 1, 2014, from http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevSTPER.6.010106
Chicago Format
Brewe, E, V. Sawtelle, L. Kramer, G. O'Brien, I. Rodriguez, and P. Pamelá. "Toward equity through participation in Modeling Instruction in introductory university physics." Phys. Rev. ST Phys. Educ. Res. 6, no. 1, (May 20, 2010): 010106, http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevSTPER.6.010106 (accessed 1 September 2014).
MLA Format
Brewe, Eric, Vashti Sawtelle, Laird Kramer, George O'Brien, Idaykis Rodriguez, and Priscilla Pamelá. "Toward equity through participation in Modeling Instruction in introductory university physics." Phys. Rev. ST Phys. Educ. Res. 6.1 (2010): 010106. 1 Sep. 2014 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevSTPER.6.010106>.
BibTeX Export Format
@article{ Author = "Eric Brewe and Vashti Sawtelle and Laird Kramer and George O'Brien and Idaykis Rodriguez and Priscilla Pamelá", Title = {Toward equity through participation in Modeling Instruction in introductory university physics}, Journal = {Phys. Rev. ST Phys. Educ. Res.}, Volume = {6}, Number = {1}, Pages = {010106}, Month = {May}, Year = {2010} }
Refer Export Format

%A Eric Brewe
%A Vashti Sawtelle
%A Laird Kramer
%A George O'Brien
%A Idaykis Rodriguez
%A Priscilla Pamelá
%T Toward equity through participation in Modeling Instruction in introductory university physics
%J Phys. Rev. ST Phys. Educ. Res.
%V 6
%N 1
%D May 20, 2010
%P 010106
%U http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevSTPER.6.010106
%O text/html

EndNote Export Format

%0 Journal Article
%A Brewe, Eric
%A Sawtelle, Vashti
%A Kramer, Laird
%A O'Brien, George
%A Rodriguez, Idaykis
%A Pamelá, Priscilla
%D May 20, 2010
%T Toward equity through participation in Modeling Instruction in introductory university physics
%J Phys. Rev. ST Phys. Educ. Res.
%V 6
%N 1
%P 010106
%8 May 20, 2010
%U http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevSTPER.6.010106


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