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written by Paulo Carvalho, Marcelo Rodrigues, Carla Pereira, Margarida Ataíde, and Edite Briosa
The paper "How to use a candle to study sound waves" makes use of video recording at 220 frames/s, and video analysis with Tracker to "see" the effect of air particles in motion and to conclude that infrasound waves, just like audible sound waves, are periodic. One can observe that the air particles' displacement is longitudinal, and therefore conclude that sound is a longitudinal wave. This paper also shows the inverse relationship concerning the amplitude of the flame's displacement and the distance between the flame and the loudspeaker. The experimental setup can be used to explore sound waves in a classroom in an original and engaging way.
The Physics Teacher: Volume 51, Issue 7, Pages 398-399
View the supplemental document attached to this resource
Subjects ADS Supplements Resource Types
Oscillations & Waves
- Wave Motion
= Longitudinal Pulses and Waves
= Wave Properties of Sound
- Instructional Material
= Activity
= Laboratory
- Reference Material
= Article
- Audio/Visual
= Graph
= Movie/Animation
Intended Users Formats Ratings
- Educators
- Learners
- application/pdf
- application/zip
- video/mp4
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Mirror:
http://dx.doi.org/10.1119/1.4820847
Access Rights:
Free access and
Available by subscription
Restriction:
© 2013 Paulo Simeão Carvalho
DOI:
10.1119/1.4820847
ISSN Number:
0031-921X
PACS:
01.50.My
Keywords:
acoustic waves, oscillations, student experiments
Record Creator:
Metadata instance created September 23, 2013 by Paulo Carvalho
Record Updated:
September 24, 2013 by Wolfgang Christian
Last Update
when Cataloged:
October 1, 2013
ComPADRE is beta testing Citation Styles!

Record Link
AIP Format
P. Carvalho, M. Rodrigues, C. Pereira, M. Ataíde, and E. Briosa, Phys. Teach. 51 (7), 398 (2013), WWW Document, (http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=13020&DocID=3586).
AJP/PRST-PER
P. Carvalho, M. Rodrigues, C. Pereira, M. Ataíde, and E. Briosa, How to use a candle to study sound waves Phys. Teach. 51 (7), 398 (2013), <http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=13020&DocID=3586>.
APA Format
Carvalho, P., Rodrigues, M., Pereira, C., Ataíde, M., & Briosa, E. (2013, October 1). How to use a candle to study sound waves. Phys. Teach., 51(7), 398-399. Retrieved August 1, 2014, from http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=13020&DocID=3586
Chicago Format
Carvalho, P, M. Rodrigues, C. Pereira, M. Ataíde, and E. Briosa. "How to use a candle to study sound waves." Phys. Teach. 51, no. 7, (October 1, 2013): 398-399, http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=13020&DocID=3586 (accessed 1 August 2014).
MLA Format
Carvalho, Paulo, Marcelo Rodrigues, Carla Pereira, Margarida Ataíde, and Edite Briosa. "How to use a candle to study sound waves." Phys. Teach. 51.7 (2013): 398-399. 1 Aug. 2014 <http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=13020&DocID=3586>.
BibTeX Export Format
@article{ Author = "Paulo Carvalho and Marcelo Rodrigues and Carla Pereira and Margarida Ataíde and Edite Briosa", Title = {How to use a candle to study sound waves}, Journal = {Phys. Teach.}, Volume = {51}, Number = {7}, Pages = {398-399}, Month = {October}, Year = {2013} }
Refer Export Format

%A Paulo Carvalho
%A Marcelo Rodrigues
%A Carla Pereira
%A Margarida Ataíde
%A Edite Briosa
%T How to use a candle to study sound waves
%J Phys. Teach.
%V 51
%N 7
%D October 1, 2013
%P 398-399
%U http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=13020&DocID=3586
%O application/pdf

EndNote Export Format

%0 Journal Article
%A Carvalho, Paulo
%A Rodrigues, Marcelo
%A Pereira, Carla
%A Ataíde, Margarida
%A Briosa, Edite
%D October 1, 2013
%T How to use a candle to study sound waves
%J Phys. Teach.
%V 51
%N 7
%P 398-399
%8 October 1, 2013
%@ 0031-921X
%U http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=13020&DocID=3586


Disclaimer: ComPADRE offers citation styles as a guide only. We cannot offer interpretations about citations as this is an automated procedure. Please refer to the style manuals in the Citation Source Information area for clarifications.

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The AIP Style presented is based on information from the AIP Style Manual.

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