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published by the University of California Museum of Paleontology
supported by the National Science Foundation
This web site was developed to provide an accessible, fun, and free resource that accurately communicates what science is and how it works. It was designed to help learners of all ages "re-engage" with science and appreciate the dynamic, exciting nature of the scientific process, and the human motivations that underlie it.

It includes interactive tutorials on the process of science, classroom resources for teachers, and a do-it-yourself guide on how to design a fair experiment.

Please note that this resource requires Flash.
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- Research Design & Methodology
General Physics
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= Informal Education
- Philosophy
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Access Rights: Free access
Restriction: © 2010 University of California Museum of Paleontology, 2010, .
Has a copyright or other licensing restriction.
Keywords: evidence, evidence-based, experiment, experimental design, experimental hypothesis, experimental validity, fair test, hypothesis, peer review, replicable, replicable research, research design, research question, research validity, scientific data, scientific evidence, scientific hypothesis, scientific method
Record Creator: Metadata instance created May 14, 2010 by Bruce Mason
Record Updated: May 29, 2011 by Lyle Barbato
Last Update
when Cataloged:
January 3, 2010
Other Collections:

AAAS Benchmark Alignments (2008 Version)

1. The Nature of Science

1A. The Scientific Worldview
  • 6-8: 1A/M2. Scientific knowledge is subject to modification as new information challenges prevailing theories and as a new theory leads to looking at old observations in a new way.
1B. Scientific Inquiry
  • 9-12: 1B/H2. Hypotheses are widely used in science for choosing what data to pay attention to and what additional data to seek, and for guiding the interpretation of the data (both new and previously available).
1C. The Scientific Enterprise
  • 6-8: 1C/M3. No matter who does science and mathematics or invents things, or when or where they do it, the knowledge and technology that result can eventually become available to everyone in the world.
  • 6-8: 1C/M7. Accurate record-keeping, openness, and replication are essential for maintaining an investigator's credibility with other scientists and society.
  • 9-12: 1C/H1. The early Egyptian, Greek, Chinese, Hindu, and Arabic cultures are responsible for many scientific and mathematical ideas and technological inventions. Modern science is based on traditions of thought that came together in Europe about 500 years ago. People from all cultures now contribute to that tradition.

AAAS Benchmark Alignments (1993 Version)

1. THE NATURE OF SCIENCE

B. Scientific Inquiry
  • 1B (6-8) #2.  If more than one variable changes at the same time in an experiment, the outcome of the experiment may not be clearly attributable to any one of the variables. It may not always be possible to prevent outside variables from influencing the outcome of an investigation (or even to identify all of the variables), but collaboration among investigators can often lead to research designs that are able to deal with such situations.
  • 1B (6-8) #4.  New ideas in science sometimes spring from unexpected findings, and they usually lead to new investigations.
  • 1B (9-12) #4.  There are different traditions in science about what is investigated and how, but they all have in common certain basic beliefs about the value of evidence, logic, and good arguments. And there is agreement that progress in all fields of science depends on intelligence, hard work, imagination, and even chance.
  • 1B (9-12) #6.  In the short run, new ideas that do not mesh well with mainstream ideas in science often encounter vigorous criticism. In the long run, theories are judged by how they fit with other theories, the range of observations they explain, how well they explain observations, and how effective they are in predicting new findings.
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Record Link
AIP Format
(University of California Museum of Paleontology, Berkeley, 2010), WWW Document, (http://undsci.berkeley.edu/index.php).
AJP/PRST-PER
Understanding Science: How Science Really Works, (University of California Museum of Paleontology, Berkeley, 2010), <http://undsci.berkeley.edu/index.php>.
APA Format
Understanding Science: How Science Really Works. (2010, January 3). Retrieved October 24, 2014, from University of California Museum of Paleontology: http://undsci.berkeley.edu/index.php
Chicago Format
National Science Foundation. Understanding Science: How Science Really Works. Berkeley: University of California Museum of Paleontology, January 3, 2010. http://undsci.berkeley.edu/index.php (accessed 24 October 2014).
MLA Format
Understanding Science: How Science Really Works. Berkeley: University of California Museum of Paleontology, 2010. 3 Jan. 2010. National Science Foundation. 24 Oct. 2014 <http://undsci.berkeley.edu/index.php>.
BibTeX Export Format
@misc{ Title = {Understanding Science: How Science Really Works}, Publisher = {University of California Museum of Paleontology}, Volume = {2014}, Number = {24 October 2014}, Month = {January 3, 2010}, Year = {2010} }
Refer Export Format

%T Understanding Science: How Science Really Works
%D January 3, 2010
%I University of California Museum of Paleontology
%C Berkeley
%U http://undsci.berkeley.edu/index.php
%O text/html

EndNote Export Format

%0 Electronic Source
%D January 3, 2010
%T Understanding Science: How Science Really Works
%I University of California Museum of Paleontology
%V 2014
%N 24 October 2014
%8 January 3, 2010
%9 text/html
%U http://undsci.berkeley.edu/index.php


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